There are diseases of gum and bone that may occur for reasons other than periodontal disease. Signs and symptoms may or may not be present and routine professional care is essential to detect these processes. Soft tissue pathology (redness, irritation, sores, swelling) may be more evident, but some diseases involving the bone can only be detected using dental radiographs (x-rays). If an area is suspicious, then early assessment and potential treatment is best. This often involves a biopsy (removal of some or all of the diseased tissue) and submission of this tissue to an oral pathologist for a definitive diagnosis. We perform biopsies in most areas of the mouth and work closely with our team of pathologists and your dentist to customize any therapy to help manage the condition.